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Word: graphite

Definition: black form of carbon used in lead pencils

Sentences Containing 'graphite'

"Graphene" is a combination of graphite and the suffix -ene, named by Hanns-Peter Boehm, who described single-layer carbon foils in 1962.
"Process for Expanding Pyrolytic Graphite and Products Thereof," U.S. Patent 3,885,007 3.
A definition of "isolated or free-standing graphene" was proposed: "graphene is a single atomic plane of graphite, which  – and this is essential – is sufficiently isolated from its environment to be considered free-standing."
An early, detailed study on few-layer graphite dates to 1962.
Before 2004 intercalated graphite compounds were studied under a transmission electron microscope (TEM).
by the related method of powder diffraction, It was studied in detail by V. Kohlschütter and P. Haenni in 1918, who also described the properties of graphite oxide paper.
Coal, gold, and graphite are other important minerals to be found in Heilongjiang.
Cores made out of PVC, graphite, fiberglass, carbon fiber, or aluminium are used, with standards varying between groups and countries.
Dispersing graphite in a proper liquid medium can produce graphene by sonication.
Efforts to make thin films of graphite by mechanical exfoliation started in 1990, but nothing thinner than 50 to 100 layers was produced before 2004.
For example, the decay of diamonds into graphite is a spontaneous process occurs very slowly, taking millions of years.
Graphene can be described as a one-atom thick layer of graphite.
Graphene fragments are produced (along with other debris) whenever graphite is abraded, such as when drawing with a pencil.
Graphene sheets in solid form usually show evidence in diffraction for graphite's (002) layering.
Graphene sheets stack to form graphite with an interplanar spacing of 0.335 nm.
Graphite oxide reduction was probably the first method of graphene synthesis.
However, other routes to 2d materials exist: Graphene planes become better separated in intercalated graphite compounds.
However, the process of separating it from graphite, where it occurs naturally, requires technological development to be economical enough to be used in industrial processes.
However, unlayered graphene with only (hk0) rings has been found in the core of presolar graphite onions.
In 1859 Benjamin Collins Brodie was aware of the highly lamellar structure of thermally reduced graphite oxide.
In the composites industry, a tow is an untwisted bundle of continuous filaments, and it refers to man-made fibres, particularly carbon fibres (also called graphite).
It can be distinguished from other polished or graphite-coated red wares by its peculiar lustre and brilliance.
It is the basic structural element of other allotropes, including graphite, charcoal, carbon nanotubes and fullerenes.
It was released on 14 September through Graphite Records, and peaked at No. 68 in the UK chart.
Its spring constant was in the range 1–5 N/m and the stiffness was , which differs from that of bulk graphite.
Macro-scale graphene films can be created by sonicating graphite while at the interface of two immiscible liquids, most notably heptane and water.
Materials - The anode material in a MEC can be the same as an MFC, such as carbon cloth, carbon paper, graphite felt, graphite granules or graphite brushes.
One of the very few compromises made was replacing the previous steel cylinders with spheroidal graphite iron.
Potential for this high conductivity can be seen by considering graphite, a 3D version of graphene that has basal planethermal conductivity of over a (comparable to diamond).
Prominent are silicon carbide, graphite, aluminium oxide, aluminium spinel, and other such grains that would condense at high temperature from a cooling gas, such as in stellar winds or in the decompression of the inside of a supernova.
Rapid heating of graphite oxide and exfoliation yields highly dispersed carbon powder with a few percent of graphene flakes.
Reduction of graphite oxide monolayer films, e.g. by hydrazine, annealing in argon/hydrogen, was reported to yield graphene films.
Similar to solvent exfoliation, graphite is sonicated in a suitable solvent.
Starting in the 1970s single layers of graphite were grown epitaxially on top of other materials.
That is, while the electronic properties of certain multilayered epitaxial graphenes are identical to that of a single layer, in other cases the properties are affected, as they are in bulk graphite.
The city's main industries are engineering, leather working, graphite products, and flax textiles.
The DVD was eventually released through Graphite Records in 2012 along with the band's 5th Album "The Pride".
The gland at the rotating shaft of a centrifugal pump may be packed in a similar way and graphite grease used to accommodate continuous operation.
The IUPAC compendium of technology states: "previously, descriptions such as graphite layers, carbon layers, or carbon sheets have been used for the term graphene... it is incorrect to use for a single layer a term which includes the term graphite, which would imply a three-dimensional structure.
The latter name appeared because the dry deposition resembles drawing with a piece of graphite.
The metal is first melted in contact with a carbon source, possibly a graphite crucible inside which the melt is carried out or graphite powder or chunks that are placed in the melt. Keeping the melt in contact with the carbon at a specific temperature dissolves the carbon atoms, saturating the melt based on the binary phase diagram of metal-carbon.
The structure of graphite was solved in 1916.
The term "graphene" first appeared in 1987 to describe single sheets of graphite as one of the constituents of graphite intercalation compounds (GICs); conceptually a GIC is a crystalline salt of the intercalant and graphene.
The theory of graphene was first explored by P. R. Wallace in 1947 as a starting point for understanding the electronic properties of 3D graphite.
These experiments started after the researchers observed colleagues who were looking for the quantum Hall effect and Dirac fermions in bulk graphite.
They may not have been the first to use this technique—, filed in 2002, describes how to process commercially available flexible expanded graphite to achieve a graphite thickness of 0.01 thousandth of an inch.
This involves splitting single layers of graphene from multi-layered graphite.
This level is responsible for the anomalous integer quantum Hall effect. The earliest TEM images of few-layer graphite were published by G. Ruess and F. Vogt in 1948.
This mold is coated with graphite to make it a conductor and is then suspended in a bath of copper sulphate, side by side with a slab of pure copper.
Understanding the electronic structure of graphene is the starting point for finding the band structure of graphite.
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